Some 18th Century Houses of Smithfield, Rhode Island
An Illustrated Talk By
KAY K. AND LOUISE W. MOORE
For the Historical Society of Smithfield
January 2d, 1985
Greenville Public Library
In Two Volumes
Volume 1 - Text
Volume 2 Album
These lecture notes, with the accompanying volume of pictures., are revisions of an exhibit preDared by the compilers for the Greenville Public Library in Sent./Oct. 1964, which exhibit carried the title: "Candle Days in Smithfield", Included were specimens of household implements and other artifacts of the period, as well as photographs and other pictures of about 35 eiRhteenth century houses mounted on panels around thO library., each uicture being provided with a typed label containing a brief historical or descriptive comment.
When the Historical Society of Smithfield requested us to prepare a program for them, we gathered up the album of Photographs and the accompanyinR labels from the library, resurrected the manuscript notes on the research done in 1964, and reorganized them to provide hopefully an interesting sequence. Unfortunately the photo album was not complete, as some of the original pictures had been loaned by the owners. However., we have been able to find or borrow other pictures., which we have had copied for this Dresentation. Only one house is not represented -- the Nathan Barnes house--vhich has been destroyed since 1964, and at this time we have been unable to locate either the original borrowed photograph or any other*
The following text is substantially what was presented in the program. In a few instances additional information obtained from the exhibit labels is nrovided here. This material can be identified by its centered posi,tion on the page, following the spoken text.
K. K. Moore
Twenty years ago in Sept./Oct. 1964, the Greenville Pablic Library sponsored an exhibition entitled "Candle Days in Smithfield*, which included displays of early house implements and other artifacts, and also featured photographs of about 35 Smithfield houses built in the eighteenth century, The latter part of this project entailed a great deal of prepa,. ration during the summer months by both my wife and me. Louise,, as a local resident, was familiar with many of the locations, and much time was spent driving around the streets and roads of the town in an attempt to identify other structures that had characteristics similar to the ones she knew were of the right period. We were amazed at the number we could identify. Some of these had been listed in 1931 when the bicentennial of' the old Town of Smithfield was celebrated.
Once we had developed the original list, we spent much time searching the records of deeds, particularly in the Smithfield Town Hall, but mainly in the archives in Central Falls, the repository of such records before the 1871 division of the old Town of Smithfield-- which as you know included the present towns of Lincoln, Smithfield., North Smithfield., the city of Central Fallst and parts of the cities of Pawtucket and Woonsocket.
To make the exhibit a visual one, we enlisted the cooperation of Frank Hutnak., a young amateur photogranher who had recently provided the Observer with some interesting nictures. Many of the black and white photographs shown tonight are the results of' his endeavors. In the original exhibit these were augmented by pictures suT)Dlied by the owners in 1964, including a framed painting of the orig. 1 Greenville Tavern in Its full glory, before the state destroyed most of it in 1936 when Putnam Pike was widened.
We must first identify at least four houses that have disappeared. The first one . (#l) is the Peter Barnes house off' Wolf Hill Road. It was built before 1700 by Peter Barnes, according to notes made by Sadie Barnes Sebille. Peter had bought the large farm from a Jonathan Salisbury; the house was remodeled by his son Ehoch. In later years this property was known as the Levi Barnes farm. The house was not standing in 1964.
The second one (#2) is the Nathan Barnes house off Putnam Pike at the intersection of Sebille Road, and was built after 1718, It remained in the family and was finally inherited by Nathan's great- great granddaughter., Sadie Barnes., who married Arthur P. Sebille. Sometime after the death of Arthur Sebillep the house was torn down when the intersection of 1-295 and Route 44 was constructed, Some of you may remember the house with its numerous porches, the result of remodeling done after 1910.
House was owned by five generations of the Barnes family:
I. Peter Barnes (1659-1757) owned the land.
II. Nathan Barnes (b.1718) built the house. He died unmarriedl his brother Enoch (b.1721) inherited.
III. Col. Levi Barnes (b.1753) son of Enoch inherited.
IV. Jonathan Barnes (1788-1822) son of Levi inherited.
V. Orrin Barnes (1828-1go6) grandson of Levi bought from Jonathan's heirs,
VI. Sarah E. (Barnes) Sebille (1874-1963) daughter of Orrin,
VIL Arthur P. Sebille., widower of Sadie, inherited.
For the 1964 exhibit Arthur Sebille Drovided a framed picture of the house. In 10.85 on one seemed to know where to find that r)icture., so no picture could be shown. Another house (#3) that has disapr)eared since 1964, as the result of a disasterous fire., is the Thomas Owen/John Whipole house built in 1752 by Thomas Owen and John Olney in Georgiaville, on Fenwood Street cmposite the end of ldhiDple Avenue. In 1755 it was purchased by John Fenner., whose daughter married Ebhraim '4hi=le, and until its destruction it remained in the Dossession of WhiDDle descendants.
The fourth house (,#h) that has disaD-Deared is the Thomas Plaine Tavern that was built in 1790,, and was located on what is now part of the DarkinR area in front of Almacs in the Armle Valley Mall. Many of you will remember the two taverns on the opposite sides of Putnam Pike, at what for many years was known as Mowry0s Corner, George W. Mowry bought the original tavern in 1825 froir Thomas Paine, Later Mr. Paine built the second tavern across the pike, which then was known as the Powder Mill TurnDike, Gates were constructed across the road and fees were collected from travelers until 1873. Sometime later the Mowry family purchased the second tavern. Stencils were used for wall decoration in the older building. Similar patterns are found in other Smithfield houses, indicating that Moses Eaton, an itinerant stenciller, might have done the work here. Both taverns were well-known., and the dance hall on the second floor of' the later tavern was heavily patronized over the years. Previous owners: Thomas Paine, George W. Mowry, Alonzo P. Mowry, Mattie (Mowry) Walcott, and finally Willard and Louis& Walcott.
Smilthfield. We shall speak of them in geogranhic areas, and not by dates of' construction. However it is logical to start with the earliest house in Smithfield, which is the Major William Smith house R5) in Esmond on Farnum Pike at the foot of Esmond Street. It was built by Major William Smith in 1703., and until after 1900 It remained In the Smith family. Over the years it has undergone a number of renovations and the picture exhibited fails to show its original state. Only the back ell resembles the original construction* After 1900 the property was acquired by the Esmond Hills and has had a number of owners since that time.
Number 6 is what we have called the Philip Sweet house on Old County Road in Esmond, Philip Sweet was born in 1751 so he could not have built it., but there is a post in the cellar in the front section of the structitre which shows the date 175C. It has recently been purchased by Ronald R. Rivet and it is renorted that some restoration work is being done.
Also on Old County Road is a Farnurn house (#7) built before 1800. Involved real estate transactions of the Farnum. heirs have created some confusion of the details of the early history, but it could have been built by Joseph Yarnum., who was also an owner of the Ephraim Whipple house (,#3) previously mentioned. In 1985 it is owned by Roger E. Anderson.
Just off Farnum Pike beyond Georgiaville is an eighteenth century house that has been identified as a Smith (?) house (#8). The research trail on therror)erty as yet has not determined whether Emor H. and Jenckes A. Smith obtained this vroDerty by inheritance or by deed of' purchase. They both were born in the early 1800's. The date 1729 appears on the cellar door of this house., but according to Gordon Rowley., the present owner., nails used in the construction nossibly were not manufactured until about 1790, Succeeding owners after the Smiths have included William Gardiner., Daniel G. Aldrich., Jerry Kane., and Philip and Fred Andrews. In wonearance however,, this house resembles others in the neighborhood builtin the early part of the eighteenth century,
On Ridge Road is the John Ballou house (#9) built before 1744. It remained in the Ballou family until 1943, when it was purchased by William F. Bailey., father of the Society's President,, Ruth Labeck. W.-. Bailey was greatly interested in restoring older houses, and this one actually is the third one that he was responsible for, Fine cabinet workmanship in this house is notable. Doris Bailey Johnson is the current owner.
Number 10 Is the Jeremiah Smith house on Limerock Road in Stillwater., built before 1776, which remained in the Smith family until 1879. A recent owner was J. qussell Price, who did a marvellous job in making restorations. One of the nictures shown reveals the house about 1915 when window blinds were nopular, Another nicture reveals details of the front doorway. The house. is now owned by Francis J. Wilcox.
Also on CaDron Road is the William P. Steere house (#11) reportedly built in 1825, but which has many architectural features of earlier eighteenth century houses. A Harris family tradition has it that the same carnenter built both this house and the Harris house (#24) built in 1760, It is now owned by Luther and Helen Carlton.
An example of the small houses built in the eighteenth century Is the Joseph Olney house (#12) on Ridge Road,, built perhaps circa 1703 or perhaps circa 1760, For many years it belonged to somepart of the Angell family. The current owner-is Mrs. Beverly Dobson.
Thomas Angell has been ascribed as the builder of the house on Limerock Road in 17PO (#13). It, has also been described as the Asahel Angell property, but he did not acquire it until 1850. Under succeeding owners the house fell into disrerair. William F. Bailey recognized its potential worth and purchased it in 191il and made extensive repairs and res~ored it. Jack Wilk-Inson, who is the present owner, has also contributed to its conDlete restoration. incidentally this liroperty,has been known as the *Bean 1rarmll, but no one seems to know exactly why,
The earliest house in the Stillwater section was the Capt. Joseph Mowry house (#1h) built in 170e. It was located on John Mowry Road. It was beautifully restored by Earl Tupper,, who moved another 19th century Mowry house near to it, and joined them with a 20th century connecting house in the old style. Ishen Bryant College acquired the property from Mr. Tunr)er,, there was talk of destroying all three of these structures. This news occasioned the revival of the Historical Society of Smithfield, and as a result of public outcry, Bryant College agreed to save the Joseph Mowry house, and has moved it to another location on the campus, where it is the alumni center.
On the John Mowry Road just a short distance. north from the George Washington Highway is the Col. Elisha Mowry house (#15) built in 1759. This house and two others in the old Town of STnithfield were used to store arms during the Revolution. John F. Emin is the present owner and has carefully restored the original flooring piece by piece, the paneling and other Colonial features in the south end of the house, which is the older section.
Over on Douglas Pike near Limerock Road is the Daniel Angell Tavern 416). Daniel Angell (1777-IP6o) married young and ran a farm and tavern here before 1800. It was a stage-coach stoD on the WorcesterProvidence line. The house still has its large central chimney, with many firenlaces. It is now owned by the heirs of Oscar Harris Steare.
Another taverno this one on Farnum Pike at Old Forge Road has been known for many years as the "Yellow Tavern" (#17). It was built in 1740 and was a toll-gate stop halfway between Providence and Woonsocket, The Mowry family has been associated with this building until 1953. At one time it also housed the Smithfield Probate Court and a school. Modernized in 19L21, it lost its central chimney. Although it is now painted whitel it still is known locally as the "Yellow Tavern". Since 1978 the owner has been the Reliable Finance Corporation.
Nearby on Old Forge Road is the John Appleby house (#18), built in 1750. John Appleby ran a forge and sawmill near here before the Revolution. Five generations of' Mowrys; have lived here. with the present owners being S. Burton and Mary Mowry, well-known in our Society, Like many builders who placed houses to take advantage of the sun., the. front door faces the southeast, with a commanding view of the pleasant countryside.
Brayton Road is the location of the James Appleby house (#19) built before 1765. Since V28 there has been a number of owners* In more recent years the property was acquired by Bryant College from the Sutton family, In this photo the front doorway on the gable- end of the house is an unusual feature'. but it may not have been the original location. Bryant has sold the original site. The main house of Brayton the house subject to its removal from and the all have been separated and are now on opposite sides Road. The present owner of the main house is Raymond Morrissette,, and the ell section is jointly owned by Paul Cabral and his wife and by Flor- ence Barboaa.
The Thomas Appleby house (#20) on Williams Road is reported to have been built in 1757. It remained in the Appleby family line until 1890, The property has been variously known as the James Appleby Farm and af ter 1906 as the Edgar L. Williams Farm. William, F. Bailey owned this property at one time and did extensive restoration work on the house. Examples of wall stencilling were found in some of the rooms, although now they are covered by wallpaper. The present owner is Richard Illingworth.
An example of a smaller house is the Evans house (#21) on Log Road. A family tradition relates that the house was built in 1776 by an F-Vans,9 on land originally owned by Joseph Mowry. The farm was the first "poor farm" in Smithfield. For a number of generations it has been owned by some one in the Joseph (Fox- Fhmter Joe) Mowry line, The present owner is Muriel Barber. This old view shows barns and outbuildings no longer standing.
Burlingame Road has at least two houses built in the eighteenth century. Research details are incomplete, but the Benjamin 3urlingame house (#22) was built before 1800. Burlingames, Aldrichs and Mowrys were among the early owners. It has been modernized, but some of the original features still remain. The present owner is James Russell.
Another Mowry homestead (#23) is also located on Burlingame Road. The large central chimney carries the date 1725. Across the road is a well-keDt cemetery filled with Mowry gravestones. Research on deeds was never comoleted. John Mura is the present owner.
On Pleasant View Avenue at the junction of Farnum, Pike is the Elisha Steere house (#24) built in 1-1760. At one time this was a stage-coach ston on the Newoort-Worcester line. In 1F58 it was acquired by the Harris family and until 1979 it remained Harris property. The interior has been modernized for comfortable living without marring the colonial features. In 1979 it was purchased by Charles H. Newell, and in 1983 ownership was transferred to R.S.R. Associates, who are constructing the nearby condominiums,
In the Spragueville section of Pleasant View Avenue is Smith house (#25) built in 1733. This small colonial house brel roof is reputed to be the oldest in Spragueville, The is Robert Broadbent., Jr. Abraham Smith's grave is located in an historical cemetery on Riverview Road on the shores of the nearby pond.
Another Srragueville house is the Asahel Phetteplace house 426) on Pleasant View Avenue at the junction of Swan Road. The main part of the house was definitely built before 1800, The southern ell with its porches and bay windows was added later. Succeeding owners have included Dr. Elwood Ballou and the Payette family. The present owner is Edgar W, Payette. You will notice the door at one side of the front is an unusual feature.
In the Greenville area., the Elder Joshua Winsor house (#27) is located at the curve of Pleasant View Avenue southwest of the Anna McCabe school, It was built before 1720 by Elder Joshua Winsor, who was the first pastor of the only eighteenth century church in Smithfield. A. 3aptist Meeting House was located in the vicinity of present-day "Dave's Garage" at the 11YBeting House Bridge". The western end with the front door is the older section of the house. At one time the Droperty was known as the Arnold Brown farm, and the nictures are of that period. The house is Dresently owned by Murray True,
In 194P., when house lots were anticipated in the field across the road, the gravestones of Joshua and his two wives were removed to the-T. K. Winsor cemetery,
The Greenville Tavern (#28) has been a landmark in the village since 1733 when Resolved Waterman built it. A large building facing the road, it had two wings extendinR northward. At one time it also housed the first bank in the town. In 1936 when the state widened Putnam Pike through the villa-ge., most of the structure was torn down. All that remains is one of the ell structures-the one that includes the. old bank vault, Many of you will recall that this was the home of Mrs. Bessie Fish, The property is now owned by the Cumberland Farms organization,
The banquet hall of the Greenville Tavern was on the f irst floor of the western ell, and the dance hall above it on the second floor, The east and west ells; were connected by a cobbled courtyard. The names of Evans, Mowry,, I*iipple and McLaughlin appear as owners throughout the years.
On Steere Road in Greenville is found the Ezekiel Angell house (#29) built before 1750. Later owners have included Benjamin Medbury., David Brayton,, Arthur and Seth Steere. The central chimney was removed during the Brayton occupancy after 1,979. The present owner is David Hysell.
West Greenville Road is the site of the Thomas Waterman house (#30) built before IFOO. Cart, Elisha Steere purchased the farm in 1817 and ever since it has remained a Steere farm_, and presently contains extensive orchards. AlthouRh both Charles A. and his son Stephen have died.. the farm is still in the possession of the Steere family.
The Jesse Foster house (#31) at the corner of Austin Avenue and Hapleville Road was built before 1750. it may have been built by Resolved Waterman 9 whose am Andrew sold the property to Jesse Foster in 1782. A number of owners have acquired the land, and at one time it was known as the Grant Farm. More recently it has been owned by the Steere f amily. Henry J. Steere established a substantial anvle orchard here, and his widow, Freda, and son Jimmy are continuing the business. The interior of the house reveals fine craftmanship including a carved decorative border in the front parlor.
Another early family associated with this property was the Wilkinson family.
Also on Austin Avenue is the Daniel Winsor house (#32),, which was built about 1750. In 1838 Daniel Winsor's property was divided among his nieces and nephews, one of whom was Lucina (Winsor) Stone. Her son, Lemuel Morse 13. Stone became the next part- owner., and he was "given the use of the parlor and keeping room on the lower floor., the parlor chamber, the west half of the garret, the east half of the cellar under the keeping room, the southerly half of the wood house, half of the well- to get water from and the privilege to pass up and down stairs to reach chamber, garret and cellar.,' Later- owners of the house have been Harley Mowry., Henry Eldredge., and the C. Franklin Lockwoods. The property has been known as the Redwood Farm. Many restorations have taken place during the years., and in spite of the loss of the large elm tree-pictured here,, the lqtedwood" maintains the charm of the "mansion" house of Colonial days. The Dresent owner is Mrs. C. Franklin Lockwood.
The next two houses are the only ones that we know have been entered on tbm National Register of Historic Places. First the Waterman-Winsor house (#33) at 79 Austin Avenue in Greenville. It has been Winsor property from 1F57 until 1975. Previous research had indicated that CaDt. Andrew Waterman built the main house in 177L. and family tradition ~ad it that the rear ell, the original home of Col. Abraham Winsor (1720-1798), had been removed from another site on the farm. The present owners, Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas W. Nerney,, have done more research on the property and in the process of restoration have been led to believe that the date of construction might have been as early as 1710, with an addition in 1780. We are are doing. front door clapboards twelve tions. window sto reason of and Winsor
We are particularly happy with the restoration work that the Nerneys are doing. They have removed the modern front porch, and provided a new following a Dattern of pediment frame as discovered under the V r~ ---A - oi&ht firerlaces replaced all windows with over twelve Danes, and returned partitions to their original loca- The design of the front of the house is most unusual, with one the left and two windows to the right of the front door. By marriages the house has belonged to descendants of the Waterman families from early time until 1975.
The last house on our list is the Elisha Smith house (#34) on Capron Road, believed to have been built in 1726, since the original deed to Elisha Smith was dated March 3., 1725/26. We know it now as the home of the Historical Society of Smithfield, which has undertaken a major restoration project, and today it stands in glorious array.
Until 1959 it remained in the possession of the descendants of KLisha Smith. His granddaughter married Thomas Appleby and the ownership continued through the Applebya., ending with Maria Cozzens Appleby,, who died in 1959.
During the restoration project by the Historical Society it has been discovered that the main structure is actually two different houses joined together around the central chimney, and one of them has the year 1696 on part of the framework. The kitchen ell was added about 1826. Special features of the house include a huge chimney, many fireplaces,, a smoke room, and samples of wall stencilling from an early period. When Stillwater Pond was constructed, Capron Road was moved from the front to the rear of the house.
The Historical Society of Smithfield is to be complimented on the accomplishment of this tremendous project, and it well warrants its inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places.